The Implementation Agreement for the Central Coast sub-region was announced on Aug. 3, 2016.

  • Implementation agreements confirm the partners’ approach to implementation of the marine plans in each sub-region and are consistent with the recommendations contained in each sub-regional marine plan.
  • Implementation agreements are the formal agreements between the Province and partner First Nations that outline the intent to collaborate on marine plan implementation, organizational structures, and general provisions on how governments will work together.

Download the Central Coast Implementation Agreement.


Plan Implementation and Monitoring

 The goal is to implement all objectives and strategies in the Central Coast Marine Plan, as funding and other resources permit. While all of the strategies are important elements of an EBM approach for Central Coast waters, the Province of B.C. and the Heiltsuk, Kitasoo/Xai’Xais, Nuxalk and Wuikinuxv Nations identified a number of key outcomes (refer to the Central Coast Marine Plan Overview) and priority actions to implement the plan.

The key outcomes by topic area are:


  • Governance relationships are strengthened.
  • Governance structures are developed and adequately resourced.

Monitoring and Enforcement:

  • More effective and inclusive monitoring and enforcement.
  • Improved data collection and management.

Economy and Communities:

  • Infrastructure development supports economic growth.
  • Important ecological and cultural components in the Plan Area are protected.

Cumulative Effects Assessment:

  • Increased effectiveness in addressing cumulative effects.


  • Ecological impacts of marine pollution are minimized.
  • Improved capacity to respond to marine accidents and spills.

Tenured Activities:

  • Improved communications and understanding between First Nations and tenure holders.
  • Tenure impacts and conflicts between users are reduced.
  • Ecological and cultural impacts of tenured activities are reduced.
  • Financial viability of shellfish and marine plant aquaculture is improved.
  • First Nation and local economic benefits from aquaculture initiatives are increased.

Traditional, Cultural and Heritage Resources:

  • Protection of cultural and archaeological sites is enhanced.
  • Increased awareness and understanding of First Nations cultural beliefs and values.

Tourism and Recreation

  • Increased First Nations and local benefits and opportunities form marine and coastal tourism development.

Marine Fisheries Economy

  • Reduced ecological and cultural impacts from sport fishing lodges/untenured vessels.
  • Increased enhancement and restoration for fish populations and habitats.
  • Increased opportunities in the fisheries economy.

Continued collaboration and integration will be essential as work progresses on all plan strategies.

Plan performance will be measured through implementation monitoring, effectiveness monitoring, and EBM monitoring. Plan evaluation and review will be ongoing throughout implementation and is considered a crucial element to successfully achieving plan outcomes. Where improved knowledge or monitoring results indicate that different strategies or management approaches would be better suited to achieving objectives and strategies, the Province of B.C. and the Heiltsuk, Kitasoo/ Xai’Xais, Nuxalk and Wuikinuxv Nations are committed to being responsive to those needs. This adaptive approach will allow for improved management and responsible stewardship over both the short and long term.


Implementation Progress, 2016-2017

Priority implementation activities for the Central Coast sub-region focused on strengthening the collaborative governance model and establishing more collaborative and comprehensive monitoring networks.

The partners formalized how they would collaborate through the implementation phase, and determined how the First Nation community and stakeholder engagement processes, that proved successful during the planning phase, would be maintained.

The partners confirmed membership and terms of reference for the Central Coast Marine Plan Implementation Advisory Committee (MPIAC) and held the first in-person meeting.

A draft suite of ecosystem-based management indicators was developed and proper training for those involved in data collection was provided. Priority indicators were identified and monitoring efforts on these priority indicators was initiated.

For details about progress on marine plan implementation activities, see the Central Coast Annual Report 2016-2017.


Implementation Progress, 2017-2018 

Implementation priorities for the Central Coast Marine Plan were identified during the planning phase and were further scoped through implementation work planning and budgeting. Priority implementation activities in 2017-2018 built on the foundational governance work of earlier years to implement priority strategies related to stewardship and sustainable economic development.

In 2017-2018, coastal Guardian Watchmen continued collecting data on ecosystem-based management indicators, welcoming and educating visitors in the territory, and promoting compliance through education and presence. Guardians improved their proficiency in monitoring, data collection, and survey methodology. They noticed an increase in recognition from marine users, a decrease in illegal activities, and growing stakeholder interest and support for the monitoring work they do.

Partnerships for stewardship and monitoring with parties such as the Hakai Institute, Coastal Oceans Research Institute, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, and the Conservation Lands Management Program were advanced. These partnerships continue to improve our capacity to monitor the Central Coast environment.

The Central Coast Technical Team worked with a number of experts in the shellfish aquaculture industry, including academics, private consultants, and staff in the federal and provincial governments, to get a better understanding of how to move this industry forward in the Central Coast. A two-year shellfish aquaculture research project was established that will provide the right mix of research, innovation, and practical guidance required to help establish the shellfish aquaculture industry in the Central Coast.

The plan has been informing tenuring decisions for three years. An initial review of tenure authorizations shows a high level of consistency between tenuring decisions and recommendations in the Central Coast Marine Plan. This information will continue to be tracked for 2017-18 to help inform plan implementation. The MaPP partners expect to report out on this and other plan performance measures over time.

For details about progress on marine plan implementation activities, see the Central Coast Annual Report 2017-2018.